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(some services are event dependent)

C. SURVIVAL KIT (Water Food)


⧉ Storm Images

Super Typhoon Haiyan, 2013
Super Typhoon Haiyan, 2013
Super Typhoon Haiyan, 2013

Dead: 8,000       Missing: 14,000

Super Typhoon Haiyan... Philippines
strongest wind record, fatalities record 8,132 ‘citizens’ (Navy estimate 22,000+ bodies in harbour), Tacloban City landfall, 5.9m storm surge
tropical landfall pres: 895, seat: 32C, sust: 230 kph, gust: 322 kph
cat 5, El Nino 2013 November 3-11
« City Tacloban, flattened. Bridges, gone. Ocean freighters, everywhere. »

Super Typhoon Meranti... Phillipines
extreme intensity, unpopulated landfall, 2.4m storm surge
tropical landfall, pres: 890, seat: 31C, sust: 220 kph, gust: 305 kph
cat 5, La Nina 2016

Cyclone Kenneth... Mozambique
strongest wind record, annual number of cyclones record
fatalities record, multiple cities, 1.2m storm surge
tropical landfall, pres: 943, seat: 35C, sust: 220 kph, gust: 259 kph
cat 4, El Nino 2019

Links to storm-related information

Storm Images
1Typhoon Information
2Best Track Data
3Knowledge about the Typhoon
4Typhoon Related Information
5Disaster Information
6Record of Typhoon Disasters
7Realtime Typhoon Report
8Typhoon Image Gallery
9Academic Sites
10Information Needs for Typhoon
11Typhoon Information and Education
12Other Typhoon Related Sites

Adapted from National Institute of Informatics, Japan

Disclaimer       The following translation to English represents the advanced protective measures institutionalized by just one of many developed nations confronted by annual exposure to the wrath of tropical storms. This page contains useful information for all human beings. Residents should locate and familiarize themselves, family and community with protective measures offered by their governments. We do not have space here for global coverage. The measures taken by Japan and hundreds of other nations are as exceptional as the natural forces that we confront.

1. Typhoon Information

Please be well prepared for the tropical storm by checking the latest typhoon information. Earth Networks and thousands of similar resources promote isolated population protection, during bad weather events. A wealth of typhoon information also exists in Japan at Typhoon News Weblog (Japan Meteorological Agency). Typhoon information shared between Japan and North American colonies feed into many resources through Typhoon Information (JMA and JTWC)

Japan Meteorological Agency: Weather Observation and Forecasts The labs and offices of Japan Meteorological Agency.
Latest typhoon information Warnings and advisories, weather forecast, and others.

The List of Weather Forecasting Companies in Japan The list of private companies of weather forecasting.

Joint Typhoon Warning Center Joint Typhoon Warning Center located at Hawaii, Pearl Harbor. It monitors typhoons and hurricanes in the Pacific Ocean, and provides forecast and satellite images.

Hurricanes, Typhoons and Tropical Cyclones Page - Naval Research Laboratory Naval Research Laboratory. Worldwide tropical information is provided, and hurricane information in the Atlantic Ocean can be obtained with rich observation data.

Automated Tropical Cyclone Forecasting System Automated Tropical Cyclone Forecasting System by the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL).

National Hurricane Center / Tropical Prediction Center National Hurricane Center (USA). Hurricane information and tropical weather outlooks around the United States.

Real-Time Tropical Cyclone Products - Currently Active Tropical Cyclones Various analysis are produced in real-time for currently active tropical cyclones worldwide. Operated jointly by CIRA (Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere) and NOAA/NESDIS (National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service).

CIMSS Tropical Cyclones The University of Wisconsin - Madison. Tropical storm information is provided with satellite images and derived products in real time. New version is also available.

Severe Weather Information Centre World Meteorological Organization. Realtime link collection to information on tropical cyclones worldwide.

2. Best Track Data

Typhoons, or hurricanes, are one of the most significant meteorological phenomena on the earth, so meteorological agencies worldwide have been compiling a record in every few hours on the geographical location, central prssure, and maximum wind of the typhoon. This record is called the "best track," and there are a few WWW sites where best track data are available.

RSMC Tokyo - Typhoon Center RSMC Tokyo Typhoon Center, Japan Meteorological Agency. Best track datasets for the Western North Pacific are archived in Analysis Archive.

Tropical Cyclone Best Track Data Site (JTWC) The Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Best track datasets for the Southern Hemisphere, the Northern Indian Ocean, the Western North Pacific Ocean are available.

IBTrACS - International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship NOAA's best track datas for worldwide tropical cyclones are integrated and provided as the standard dataset.

Tropical Storms, Worldwide Best track datasets of tropical cyclones worldwide are available.

Tropical Cyclone Programme (TCP) : RSMCs The list of RSMCs (regional specialized meteorological centres) of tropical cyclones provided by WMO (World Meteorological Organization)

Tropical Cyclone History Bureau of Meteorology, Australia. Best track data of cyclones around Australia are provided.

Historical Hurricane Tracks Home - NOAA Coastal Service Center The database of historical hurricane tracks in the Atlantic basin operated by NOAA. Query by name, ZIP code, etc.

Unisys Weather: Hurricane/Tropical Data Unisys provides its best track data for the hurricanes worldwide. The original data is courtesy of Colorado State University.

China Typhoon Shanghai Typhoon Institute, China Meteorological Administration. Best track data for the Western North Pacific is compiled since 1949.

Southern Hemisphere Tropical Cyclones Collection of tropical cyclone data mainly for the southern hemisphere such as Australian Region, South Pacific and South Indian Oceans. Assorted information on severe weather.

3. Knowledge about the Typhoon

Many websites provide the brief introduction of the typhoon, and the following lists, by any means not complete, some of those sites.

About the Typhoon

New Typhoon Information - More Information and New Illustrations Japan Meteorological Agency, a leaflet describing a new type of typhoon information to be used after April 18, 2007.

Japan Meteorological Agency | White Paper 2009 Japan Meteorological Agency, special sections on the evolution of typhoon information and the development of technology that supports the evolution on the 50th anniversary of Isewan Typhoon.

FAQ : HURRICANES, TYPHOONS, AND TROPICAL CYCLONES FAQ about hurricanes, typhoons, and tropical cyclones.

Hurricane Basics A brochure on hurricane basics by NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration).

EO Library: Hurricanes: The Greatest Storms on Earth Introduction to Hurricanes by NASA.

Hurricanes: online meteorology guide Introduction to Hurricanes by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Weather Q&A Typhoon

NHK Volunteer Net

CTV: Typhoon Information

The General Insurance Association of Japan (GIAJ) | Typhoon Preparedness

Institute for Fire Safety & Disaster Preparedness Basic Knowledge about Wind and Rainfall Disasters

Bits of Knowledge about the Typhoon

Typhoon is as Thin as a CD

Statement on Tropical Cyclones and Climate Change Statement on relationship between tropical cyclones and climage change (global warming) from the participants of International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones of WMO (World Meteorological Organization) (as of Dec. 2006). A summary is also available.

Welcome to Typhoon Committee The Web site of the typhoon committee operated jointly by UNESCAP (United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific) and WMO (World Meteorological Organization). This committee coordinates activities about typhoons and select Asian name of typhoons.

4. Typhoon Related Information

Here we introduce Websites that provide satellite images or other observation data related to typhoons, the database of typhoon-related information, and the database of meteorological satellite images.

Track The Tropics A useful resource for anyonoe engaging topical activity, only Carribean focus.

JAXA/EORC Tropical Cyclone Database Earth Observation Research and Application Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. The integration of TRMM Tropical Cyclone Database and AMSR/AMSR-E Tropical Cyclone Database both from JAXA/EORC.

Ocean Information | Japan Meteorological Agency Japan Meteorological Agency - intensification of typhoon requires more wator vapor (higher sea surface temperature), so sea surface temperature is particularly important. Special attention should be paid if a typhoon enters an area with nearly 30 degree of sea temperature.

Real-Time NOWPHAS Port and Airport Research Institute. Nationwide ocean wave information is provided in real-time.

HURSAT - Hurricane Satellite DataNOAA National Climatic Data Center. Created satellite images centered on tropical cyclones for worldwide since 1978.

NASA GES DISC Hurricane Portal NASA Goddard Earth Sciences, Data and Information Service Center. The site provides past browsing and searching of hurricane data and images, and scientific description.

NESDIS Tropical Cyclone Products NOAA (USA) satellite pictures and colored images of active storms.

NCDC: Hurricanes National Climate Data Center of NOAA. Past hurricane maps, reports for hurricane seasons, and special reports for important hurricanes.

QuikSCAT Storm Page Tropical-storm-centered wind data by NOAA (USA) Marine Observing Systems Team. It provides wind speed and direction data in 25km resolution derived from QuikSCAT data.

Tropical Storm Risk (TSR) The consortium with members such as University College London and insurance companies. Assessing the risk of tropical storms by their prediction. Worldwide tropical storm information is also provided.

TRMM HURRICANES & TYPHOONS NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. The collection of tropical cyclone data observed by the TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) satellite.

Remote Sensing Systems / Storm Watch / Active Storms Remote Sensing Systems company. Mainly focusing on microwave satellite imagery with the excellent data archive.

Operational Significant Event Imagery The collection of imagery of significant environmental events which are visible in remotely-sensed data.

EO Natural Hazards: Natural Hazards Storm Page A collection of latest satellite images and descriptions on severe storms like hurricanes.

NOAA Environmental Visualization Program NOAA Satellites and Information. Latest images of the typhoons also appear on the site.

Japan Meteorological Agency | Weather Charts Everyday Japan Meteorological Agency. The archive of weather charts since 2002 (PDF) (description in Japanese).

Weather Charts for Professionals Hokkaido Broadcasting Company. Current and forecast weather charts issued by Japan Meteorological Agency (description in Japanese).

Satellite Imagery Archive at Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo The site provides the huge-scale archive of meteorological satellite NOAA, GMS-5 (Himawari) and earth environment satellite TERRA/MODIS.

Kochi University Meteorological Information Page The site provides Himawari meteorological satellite images and other processed images. Past images can also be retrieved.

the mag for kishojin : database


5. Disaster Information

The following are sites related to disaster information related to the typhoon.

Disaster Information Center, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport The portal site of disaster information provided by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. This site includes links to river information, rainfall information and so on.

Disaster Management Information Aggregation of disaster information by the Disaster Management Section in Cabinet Office.

WIS Portal - GISC Tokyo Portal web site, operated by GISC (Global Information System Centre) of WMO Information System (WIS), offered by Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).

Disaster Information Fire and Disaster Management Agency (FDMA). Summary of disasters in the past.

Current Disaster Volunteer Information

Google News Run by Google. Aggregate latest news continuously from more than 4500 news sites all over the world, and this is one of the fastest source of disaster information around the world.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The free encyclopedia online. You can learn knowledge here, but it also covers latest information of disasters around the world.

ReliefWeb ReliefWeb is a project of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and serves for the information needs of the humanitarian relief community.

Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS) Realtime information of disasters (earthquakes and tsunamis, tropical cyclones, floods and volcanoes) in the world is provided. The impact of disasters is also evaluated automatically.

Storm Watch Tropical storm watch by FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency).

EM-DAT Emergency Disasters Data Base The database of disasters maintained by Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED). It contains information about 12800 disasters in the world from 1900 to present.

Asian Disaster Reduction Center Worldwide disaster information database is provided. GLIDEnumber, which was proposed to be a standardized numbering system for disasters, can be used at GLIDEnumber interface.

National Activity for Reducing Disasters Cabinet Office, Government of Japan.

Committee on Inheritance of Lessons Learned from Disasters

Disaster and Risk Management e-CollegeFire and Disaster Management Agency.

Disaster Legend Information Database Fire and Disaster Management Agency.

Hazard Map Portal Site Geographical Survey Institute, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. Links to hazard maps accessible on the Internet published by local governments in Japan.

Regional Disaster Reduction Planning Database Fire and Disaster Management Agency (FDMA). The browsing and downloading of regional disaster reduction planning is possible, but interface is a little difficult to manipulate.

NIED-DTD Typhoon Disaster Database System National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention.

Hurricane and Extreme Storm Impact Studies U.S. Geological Survey. Studies of coastal impact of hurricanes and extreme storms.

Basic Lecture on Disaster Reduction - Where and How Disasters Happened?

Disaster and Accident Statistics (Japan) | Path Finder | National Diet Library National Diet Library.

Disaster and Accident Statistics (World) | Path Finder | National Diet Library National Diet Library.

6. Record of Typhoon Disasters

Those sites summarize the historical record of typhoon disasters or the personal experience of typhoons.

Summary of Natural Phenomena that Brought about Disasters Typhoons, Heavy Rains, Earthquakes, Volcano Eruptions


The Strike of Muroto Typhoon

Book Card : Disaster and Defense Aozora Bunko. An essay by Terada Torahiko.

50 Years Have Passed Since Kathleen and Ione Typhoons

Seikan Renrakusen Toyamaru Description on the shipwreck of Toyamaru by Toyamaru Typhoon (195415).

Shipwreck of Seikan Renrakusen Toyamaru Description on the shipwreck of Toyamaru by Toyamaru Typhoon (195415) in JST Failure Knowledge Database.

Kanogawa Typhoon Recollection of the observation of Typhoon Disasters.

Lessons from Super Typhoon Ida, 1958 Disaastrous flooding spurs modern mitigations in Japan.

1959 Isewan Typhoon Cabinet office. Detailed record of disasters by Isewan Typhoon (195915).

50th Anniversary Exhibition of Isewan Typhoon Library of National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED). Photographs, movies, and documents of Isewan Typhoon (195915), whose 50th anniversary of landfall is 2009.

Committee of 50th Anniversary of Isewan Typhoon The committee,jointly established by Aichi Prefecture, Gifu Prefecture, Mie Prefecture and Nagoya City, exihibits photographs, movies, and documents of Isewan Typhoon (195915).

Rainfall and Disasters of Isewan Typhoon Chunichi Shimbun. Interviews of Isewan Typhoon (195915) victims.

Isewan Typhoon 50th Anniversary Mainichi Shimbun. Interviews of Isewan Typhoon (195915) victims.

Rainfall and Disasters of Isewan Typhoon Gifu Prefecture. Record of disasters by Isewan Typhoon (195915).

Photograph Collection of Disasters Photograph collection of disasters on Isewan Typhoon (195915) by Kiso river office.

Aichi Internet Station - Aichi Prefectore Prefecture news movie on Isewan Typhoon (195915) digitized by Aichi Prefectore. Movies on recovery from the typhoon are also available for Showa Year 35 and after.

Aichi Internet Station - Aichi Prefectore Prefecture news movie on Isewan Typhoon (195915) digitized by Aichi Prefectore. Movies on recovery from the typhoon are also available for Showa Year 35 and after.

Isewan Typhoon Landfall - Searching Official Documents "BUNZO" Official documents of Isewan Typhoon (195915) in National Archives of Japan.

Hurricane Katrina Reports Japan Water Forum. English reports on lessons from Isewan Typhoon (195915), and Japanese reports on Hurricane Katrina.

Memories on the sea The record of massive shipwreck off Mariana by Typhoon 196529. The death toll reached 208, which is the largest shipwreck of fishing boats in Japan.

Bank of Tamagawa River Broke Down Breaking down of the bank of Tamagawa River by Typhoon 197416.,336,138,60,html

Traces of disasters in Tokushima after Typhoon 197617 and Typhoon 197617 brought an overwhelming amount of rainfall with the national record of 1174mm a day. This rainfall can be viewed in the animation (September, 1976) on the AMeDAS Precipitation page.

Bank of Nagara River Broke Down by Typhoon No. 17 The breaking down of the bank of Nagara River by Typhoon 197617.

Flooding The breaking down of the bank of Nagara River by Typhoon 197617.

Typhoon Ishigaki Local Meteorological Office. Record of disasters at Okinawa by Typhoon 197705.

Tears of Apples Poems written by children on the damage of apple farms by Typhoon 199119.

A Miracle Calf "Genky Kun" Mimasaka Women University. A story of a miracle calf being flowed by the flooding and later found survived during Typhoon 199810.

Genki Kun and Typhoon N. 10 Present of Genky-kun, a calf survived the disaster of Typhoon 199810.

Record of the Disaster on October 17, 1998 The disaster at Tsuyama City (Mimasaka District) by Typhoon 199810 recorded by volunteers using photographs and movies.

Typhoon Disasters and Typhoon Information Fukuoka Regional Meteorological Office. Record of disasters by Typhoon 199918 and how to use typhoon information.

August 2000, Typhoon No. 8 that hit Minami Daitou Islan Minami Daitou Island Local Meteorological Office. Record of meteorological data and disasters by Typhoon 200008.<

Disasters by the typhoon Miyako Local Meteorological Office. Record of disasters at Miyako Island by Typhoon 200205.

JA Sanbugunshi JA Sanbugunshi.

Typhoon 0314 Miyako Local Meteorological Office. Record of meteorological observations and disasters at Miyako Island by Typhoon 200314.

Typhoon 23 The document of a family whose house, located in Toyooka city, was completely destroyed by the flood due to Typhoon 200423.

7. Realtime Typhoon Report

Those sites give a "lively" report on the strike of typhoons, especially given by those people living in the area of frequent typhoon attacks. Please also refer to Typhoon Front and Eyes on the Typhoon, which are related sites of this site.

Typhoon is Coming!

NPO AgriCommunication

Ogasawara Channel

8. Typhoon Image Gallery

Sites collecting and providing typhoon or hurricane images.

NASA - NASA's Hurricane Resource Page Hurricane-related information provided by NASA is aggregated as one of NASA's missions.

The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth The collection of photographs taken by astronauts. The huge collection of images include beautiful photographs of typhoons and hurricanes.

NOAA Photo Library Photo Library provided by NOAA. This includes many photos of hurricanes.

Eye Spies From Weatherwise magazine, many beautiful photographs of typhoons and hurricanes taken from Space Shuttles.

EDC Image Gallery - Featuring Earth as Art 2 The photograph of Hurricane Elena taken from the Space Shuttle.

Clouds From Space The photograph of clouds taken from the Space Shuttle, inclulding typhoons and hurricanes.

Image Catalog NASA. The main theme is the visualization of remote sensing data, including the visualization of hurricanes.

NASA Hurricane Photos NASA. The image gallery of hurricanes collected as part of the CAMEX-4 project.

9. Academic Sites

Sites providing more academic information about typhoons.

Annual Tropical Cyclone Reports Annual Tropical Cyclone Report published by Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) about hurricanes and typhoons. Full of professional information and valuable as the record of the history.

Tropical Meteorology Project Colorado State University. Tropical storm forecast and other information.

Seasonal prediction of tropical cyclone activity - North Pacific and South China Sea City University of Hong Kong. Forecast of tropical cyclone activity and its verification.

Maximum Potential Hurricane Intensity Real time hurricane potential intensity maps based on the theory of Professor Kerry Emanuel at MIT.

Tropical Cyclones Portal NASA Global Change Master Directory provides a portal for scientific data about tropical cyclones.

Tornadoes Database Japan Meteorological Agency.

The Storm Chaser Blog by a Japanese storm chaser keeping track of regional-scale meteorology.

10. Information Needs for Tropical Storms

Site (s) below describe user's information needs for typhoon information.

"Tropical Storm" searches and "Hurricane" searches and "Cyclone" searches and "Typhoon" searches, as provided by Google Trends. Note that in Region 3 Americas, this Google Trends tool appears to be compromised: "Worldwide" searches are always identical to "US" searches from some locations. Google Trends, however inadequate, is all that is working in North America. Trends can be cosmetically customized for any country or territory on Earth using intreface buttons. Go Worldwide, or pick a country. Change the trending word (s). Compare what's popular. Note that the Interest over time graph shows percent of browser sessions using a search term. For example, researching the term "Typhoon", we find that on November 23 2013, as Super Typhoon Haiyan flattened the City of Tacloban and pulverized dozens of other cities in the Region, the search term "Typhoon" (worldwide or in the US, we have no idea) appeared in 100% of all browser sessions using Google. Since all Apple and Microsoft system searches are based on Google (at least in Region 3), that 100% could indicate that bilions of people worldwide showed interest in Super Typhoon Haiyan? Or it could indicate that 100% of people in US and Infoseek/Walt Disney (a few million) showed interest? Anyway, lots of people with digital systems in the Americas noticed Haiyan's devastation. That said and with the "weather's" permission, we will naturally try to provide more safety links here, to illustrate public safety interest. Let's move on from Google Trends.

11. Typhoon Information and Education ...Online

These sites describe best practices to use typhoon information for educational purposes. Remeber to resource printed material, like books that tend to be less subject to the whims of online data access. Compare print and online resources.

NASA - Hurricane Education Links to educational tools on hurricanes maintained by NASA.

Digital Library for Earth System Education The National Science Digital Library (USA). The database of useful sites for the education of the earth system.

The GLOBE Program Worldwide (mainly US) program of school-based hands-on eduction and scientific observations of earth environment.

12. Other Typhoon Related Sites

Other interesting sites related to typhoons are summarized below.

Hurricane Hunters - 53rd WRS Hurricane Hunters. They fly airplanes right into the eye of the hurricane. The site provides many interesting photos including the eye of the hurricane.

NASA - Hurricane Aircraft -- Technological Marvels that Fly through Storms Aircraft to study and track hurricanes used by NASA, the U.S. Air Force, and NOAA.

Hurricane Hunters Track Wilma A report on Hurricane Hunters going into the eye of Hurricane Wilma.,1282,69310,00.html

NASA - Electric Hurricanes Lightning is generally not often observed in the hurricanes, but a lot of it was observed inside strong hurricanes in the hurricane season of 2005.

Weather Derivatives

Insurance companies feel safe even against the repeated attacks of typhoons

Hurricane Futures Market University of Miami. An experimental project of a prediction market on the landfalling place of hurricanes.

Too Many People in Nature's Way The disaster of Hurricane "Katrina" revealed the insufficient disaster reduction measures in the USA. The disaster-prone areas have better designed measures even if they are not so rich.,1284,68756,00.html

Controlling the Typhoon

Contrail : Aviation and Meteorology

Typhoon is Approaching ... What will you do?

Typhoons and Wars against Yuan Dynasty "Kamikaze (God's Wind)" is named after typhoons that destoryed the troops of Yuan Dynasty, leading to the victory of Japan in the 12th Century. But this story needs to be examined from a scientific point of view.

Spiral illusion II A few illusion images with the name of "typhoon." They really looks like rotating.

Defending Japan from Powerful Typhoons Fujisan Radar, built on top of the Mt. Fuji, was the first target of a successful TV program "NHK Project X." Available in Japanese

NOAA Paleotempestology Resource Center NOAA Climatic Data Center. Paleoclimate research on past hurricanes.

Book Card: Typhoon Aozora Bunko. An essay "Typhoon" (in Japanese) by a famous poet, YOSANO Akiko. This essay suggests that a word "typhoon" was a "new word" in the age of World War I.

The Worst Natural Disaster on Record Kajima Corporation.